Copaiba oil comes from copaiba trees. There are more than 70 species of copaiba trees that have been identified, many of them in South and Central America. Copaiba trees naturally produce copaiba oil-resin. This is extracted from the tree by punching a hole into the trunk. A pipe is then inserted into the hole, allowing the oil-resin to flow out. Copaiba oil-resin collected from several trees is often mixed.
The production of copaiba oil is socially significant to the Amazon because it represents approximately 95% of Brazil's oil-resin production industry. The Annual production of copaiba oil in the Amazon is estimated to be 500 tons/year. The commercialization of copaiba as an oil or in capsule form has grown due to demand by traditional and widespread use, and is exported to other countries, including the United States, France, and Germany.
The Food and Chemicals Codex lists copaiba oil as safe as a flavoring agent for foods. Copaiba oil has both an acute oral and dermal LD50 exceeding 5 g/kg, which classifies it as non-toxic. Source
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